Cancer has become an important public health problem with over 800,000 new cases occurring every year in India. Cancers of the female reproductive tract (cervical, ovarian, uterine, vaginal, and vulvar) and breast have a high incidence amongst Indian women. Over 70% of patients report for diagnostic and treatment services at an advanced stage of the disease.
Continuous screening and preventive Health Check ups can help identify cancer at a much earlier stage, where Treatment is possible and outcome is better. Therefore, It is important to know the screening methods, warning signs and the things that you can do to reduce your risk.
1) Screening by PAP smear-Women should be screened by Pap smear every 3 years from age 21 until age 65. It is an easy, fast & painless screening test done in OPD to screen for cervical cancer.
2) Vaccination against cervical cancer- Vaccination can be given to females aged 9-45 years who have not previously completed vaccination. HPV vaccination and regular cervical screening is the most effective way to prevent cervical cancer.
3)Monthly self-breast examination and periodic mammograms- They can help find cancer at the earliest stages when it’s most treatable.
4)Contact your doctor if you notice any abnormal pain, itching, discharge, bleeding etc. Family History, if any, is important.
5) Adopt Healthy Lifestyle, Hygiene and Quit Smoking.